탐험의 보물

Treasures of exploration
The third gallery of Treasures of the Natural World tells the stories of those who not only had a brilliant mind, but a brave heart and daring spirit. From Captain James Cook’s first voyage to Australia and New Zealand to Captain Robert Falcon Scott’s expedition to reach the South Pole and HMS Challenger’s 1872 exploration of the deep oceans. Each expedition yielded vital scientific evidence which was only attainable because these explorers dared to be pioneers. These inspiring stories of human endeavor adventure take place across vast oceans and remote lands. Leading to great discoveries in biology, oceanography and geology and vivid first-hand accounts and imagery of surprising new species, but ultimately a showcase of human endeavor and heart.
Antarctic Fossil Wood

남극 화석목

탄소화된 나무

남극대륙

트라이아스기 시대(Carboniferious/Triassic Periods),  2억 100만 ~ 3억 2300만년 전

로버트 팔콘 스캇의 두번째이자 궁극적인 비극의 태라 노바 탐험에서 수집 되었던 화석이 된 이  나무 조각은 매우 중요한 의미를 지닙니다. 이것은 숲이 남극대륙에서 자랐고 대륙의 기온이 오늘날보다 훨씬 따뜻했다는 것을 보여주는 가장 오래된 증거 중 하나입니다. 

 

Emperor Penguin Chick Skin

황제 팽귄 칙 스킨
Emperor Penguin Chick Skin

남극대륙

여태껏 최초로 연구된 황제 팽킨 새끼 세마리 중 하나인 이 팽귄은1902년 디스커버리 탐험(Discovery expedition)에서 로버트 팔콘 스캇의 무리에 의해 수집되었습니다. 이 팽귄의 발육 단계는 황제 팽귄들이 어둡고 매우 추운 남극의 겨울 동안 알을 낳는다는 것을 증명했습니다. 테라 노바 여정에서 스캇은 더 많은 조사를 위해 팽귄 알들의 수집을 계획합니다.

 

Southern Cassowary, UK

Southern Cassowary

Walter Rothschild was fascinated by the southern cassowary, a large flightless bird found in Australia and New Guinea. He kept a number of live specimens at the family home, Tring Park in Hertfordshire, and had them prepared as taxidermy when they died. Although Rothschild thought the birds’ different coloured markings indicated many species, we now know there are only three.

 

 

Microfossil Christmas card

 
Microfossil Christmas card 

Painstakingly created from microfossils by Arthur Earland (1866–1958), this slide spells out a Christmas greeting to his colleague Edward Heron-Allen (1861–1943). It reads ‘A.E. Xmas 1912’. Both men were micro palaeontologists at the Natural History Museum. They collaborated for 25 years and were responsible for analysing the foraminifera – small single-celled organisms – collected during Scott’s Terra Nova expedition to Antarctica.
HMS Challenger expedition

 
HMS Challenger expedition

With corals, samples and slides, these specimens represent the first major scientific investigation of the oceans. HMS Challenger left British shores in 1872 for a three-and-a-half-year voyage around the world, criss-crossing the oceans, from South America to the Cape of Good Hope, Antarctica to Australia, the Fiji Islands and Japan.

The wealth of evidence the expedition brought back evolutionized our knowledge of the deep sea at the time.